Iron deficiency in pregnancy

Iron deficiency in pregnancy

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The degree of iron deficiency is of great importance in terms of direct concern to the health of the mother and the baby. Severe iron deficiency during pregnancy; health risks such as infant mortality, immune system weakness and infection. A few small but important changes to be made in the diet and life style of the expectant mother away from iron deficiency, can express a comfortable pregnancy Emsey Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Op. Dr. Esra Can Çetin shares her views on the subject. Iron deficiency threatens the health of both mother and babyAn increase in the blood volume of the mother occurs during pregnancy. For this reason, more blood cell production is needed. These blood cells are the cells that will carry oxygen to every organ of the mother and the baby through the placenta, and iron is needed in their production. To prepare for delivery (normal or caesarean section) during the last months of pregnancy, the body's iron stores need to be filled. If there is bleeding during childbirth, the need for blood transfusions may be raised if blood values ​​have fallen. Mothers who have anemia, fatigue, fatigue, palpitations, soil and so on. symptoms may occur, such as the desire to eat things. Nutrition for iron deficiency during pregnancyCandidates should take care to buy foods containing at least 2-3 servings of iron during the day. The most important foods containing iron are offal and meat. Iron-containing foods that can be preferred by those who cannot eat meat are; green vegetables, raisins, molasses, nuts, peanuts, eggs and legumes. Vitamin C is different from other vitamins with the feature of increasing iron absorption. For this reason, the orange juice, tomato juice, salad taken together with iron medicine or iron-containing foods increases the rate of iron intake and helps the body to take iron. Therefore, if the tea is to be consumed, it should be drunk at least 1 hour after meals. Calcium is also a mineral that reduces absorption of iron. Therefore, not taking calcium-containing drugs, milk and yogurt as well as iron-containing foods or medicines would be a healthier behavior. Treatment of iron deficiency in pregnancyThe need for iron in pregnancy is 3-4 mg per day, and no matter how much iron-fed foods are fed, it is difficult to meet the growing need for food. Therefore, each expectant mother should use iron-containing drugs, especially in the last three months. The first choice for these drugs is oral, once or twice a day tablets, capsules or syrup forms. In addition, intravenous iron needles are sometimes preferred. The main side effects of blood medications include indigestion, constipation, darkening of stool color. If patients experience side effects, they may share this with their doctor and change the drug, but they must take care not to discontinue the drug.

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