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Things to do in common injuries (1)

Things to do in common injuries (1)


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1. Bites
Insect bites: For bee stings, remove the needle with your fingernail or the blunt edge of the blade. Remove the ticks with your fingertips, protected with blunt tweezers or paper towels or rubber gloves. Save the beetle for medical examination. In case of swelling or pain, apply ice and cold compresses, then consult your doctor and apply insect sting if necessary. If there are signs of hypersensitivity (anaphylaxis) such as excessive pain and swelling, shortness of breath after any insect sting, seek immediate medical attention.
Animal bites: Try not to move the bite. Soak the wound gently with soap and plenty of water for 10-15 minutes. Do not apply antiseptic or other solution. Control the bleeding with a sterile bandage and try to control the animal for examination. Dogs, cats, bats, skunks, and raccoons can be rabies. Always consult a doctor. Especially after cat bites, infection may develop and antibiotics may be necessary.

2. Burns
* Minor limited burns: Immerse burnt area in cool water or apply cold compresses. Continue the application until the baby appears to have lost pain. Do not apply ice (increases burn damage). If the child is under 1 year of age and has a burnt face, hand, foot or genital organs, consult a doctor.
* Wide range of hot burns: Remove all clothing from the child and not adhering to the wound, place cool, wet compresses on the injured area, do not apply anything to burns and seek immediate medical attention.

3. Skin Injuries
There is the possibility of tetanus in skin injuries. Therefore, in case of open skin injuries, confirm the validity of the child's tetanus vaccine by obtaining information from your doctor if necessary.
* Small incisions: Clean the cut area with soap and water. Remove any foreign material from the wound by holding it under running water. Apply a sterile bandage.
* Large incisions: With sterile gauze or a clean cheesecloth, apply pressure until stopping the bleeding, keep the injured area above the heart level, apply a bandage that is not too tight to the area when bleeding stops, do not use antiseptic solutions without a doctor's advice;
* Bruises: Rest the injured part as much as possible, apply cold compresses, ice pack for half an hour.
* Abrasions: Wash the wound with water and soap with sterile gauze or a clean cheesecloth to remove any residues such as soil dirt. Apply a sterile bandage.


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