American Hospital Department of Nutrition and Diet. Ayça Ilıca Murat says that mother, father and family elders are important examples in gaining the right eating habits in this period.
4-5 years of age, also known as preschool period, is a process in which the correct eating habits gained at home are settled, these habits affect the eating behaviors during the school period and even there is a correlation with the health problems that may occur when they become adults.
It should be ensured that children in this age group consume daily from every food group. These food groups consist of milk and dairy products, meat group, vegetable-fruit group, fat group and cereals. Children's daily diet should be adjusted according to the physical activity.
During this period, one of the most important points to be considered is the establishment of the habit of making breakfast. 1-2 slices of cheese varieties, whole grain bread, olives, molasses-honey, milk, eggs or omelets 2-3 times a week, fresh fruit, dried fruit cakes or pies made at home are the foods that can be in children's breakfasts.
Considering that children of this age group are very active and their development is at the highest level, they should be fed with foods that are high in nutritional value and which can be consumed lovingly by children. As always, each meal should contain sufficient amounts of carbohydrate, protein and fat. It is a meal system that will surely meet the needs of the school child after lunch, lunch, followed by 1 or 2 small snacks and dinner. Our main food group, especially the main meals of the children's bread and bread derived from the soup - rice - macaroni foods, meat / chicken at least 1 day a week fish and any vegetables during the season, as well as milk and yogurt which are very important sources of calcium should be consumed in both meals and snacks.
During the growth and development of proteins in the body in many mechanisms that have important tasks. If our body cannot get protein, body cells cannot be renewed. In this case, growth is insufficient. The main protein sources for the body are provided from our foods.
Proteins are obtained from two sources: vegetable and animal sources. Animal resources are eggs, meat, chicken, fish, seafood, milk, yoghurt. Vegetable sources of proteins are kurufasuyle, legumes such as chickpeas, lentils and cereal products. Of course, the most valuable source of protein we receive at the beginning of life is breast milk.
The bioavailability of proteins of animal origin is high. So our body makes more use of these proteins. The use of plant-derived proteins by the body is lower. Among the animal foods, the foods that protein is best used by the body are breast milk and eggs. Almost all of the proteins found in both are used by our bodies. Therefore, proteins in egg and breast milk are called “exemplary proteins..
As children continue to grow, protein requirements are high. The protein requirement for each age group is different. The protein sources should be from the sources that the body can use easily. Therefore, the proteins of animal origin as well as the proteins of animal origin should be used in nutrition.
Deficiency of protein may affect growth and mental development in children. Growth-development problems may occur. Also, if we think that protein is involved in many important reactions in the body, disruptions may occur in these reactions.
Children usually like colorful food. Therefore, especially if you have difficulty eating meatballs you can cook mixed vegetables with vegetables, or you can decorate the plate with colored peppers, carrots. However, children often follow the family's eating habits. For example, if you cook your child with meat like peas for dinner, but you say that you do not like it, he will not eat. Therefore, especially with your child who chooses to eat, you should take care to sit at the table and eat from the same meal.
The structure of protein foods deteriorates at high temperatures. Therefore, it should not be exposed to high flames and not scorched. Cooking on medium or low heat are more accurate cooking techniques. In addition, fried foods such as meat, chicken, some harmful chemicals are formed. These substances may in particular be precursors of cancer. Therefore, boiling or baking methods may be preferred instead of frying foods such as meat and chicken. The fish can be steamed or cooked in the oven. When boiled, the eggs should not be boiled but should be fully boiled.
In this age group, one of the most upsetting and alarming issues of mothers is that their children do not have appetite and do not eat. I can't feed my child, mothers who are surprised by what they think are going to starve, they make a lot of wrongs by making the right trunks wrong, they either make torture for their children or they create a big threat for themselves.
One of the most important factors affecting the appetite in children is to feed themselves with junk-food between meals. As a result, the child who feels a feeling of satiety will refuse to eat at the main meals. A wafer or a slice of cake that you have caught in your child's hand before the main course will keep him entertained and cause him to refuse food at the table. In such cases, it is very important that the child is accustomed to the table setting.
When your child reaches the age of one, the family should now sit at your table and learn that the meal time is a fun time for everyone to meet with the family. In addition, small snacks or fruit to meet your child's needs can be given between breakfast and lunch, between lunch and dinner, but these snacks should not close the appetite and should not be too close to the main meal time. Furthermore, the fact that the dinner plates are colorful and entertaining in a way that attracts the attention of your child, and the amount of food they can eat on the plate will allow your child to eat much more willingly. In addition, shopping with your child, asking for help while preparing a table or even giving him the opportunity to contribute to the preparation of food will have positive effects on increasing the desire of your child to eat.
Before your meal, it will be beneficial for your child to clean and wash their hands to make them feel more fit. If your child is very tired and sleepless, do not insist on eating.
The other important factor in your child's refusal to eat is the same appetite as in adults. A decrease in the child's appetite may be observed, especially if the patient and fever are elevated, if he is teething, tired or sleepless, and if the habitual pattern has changed. During this period, you can get your child to eat the foods he normally likes to eat without having to insist.
In spite of all this, if your child is also observing weight loss, if he strongly refuses to eat and eats, it is a good idea to consult a specialist immediately.
The biggest health problem that can be seen in unhealthy children is obesity, followed by cardiovascular disease, diabetes, blood pressure, kidney dysfunction, stomach disorders, iron deficiency and many other diseases that may be caused by obesity and subsequent obesity. In addition, developmental disorders and concentration problems due to malnutrition are frequently encountered.