Nutrition

Don't forget to give your baby vitamin D!

Don't forget to give your baby vitamin D!


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Don't forget to give your baby vitamin D!

Vitamin D deficiency an important problem for our country. Campaigns are organized to prevent this deficiency.

Yeditepe University Hospital, Child Health and Diseases Specialist Ahmet Ozen, Itibaren From the first week of life to all babies at least one year of age, regardless of their diet (whether formulas or breast milk) 400 units / day vitamin D up to 3 years of age (3 drops of vitamin D per day) emphasizes the importance of vitamin D.

From which month should vitamin D be given to babies?

Dr. Ahmet Ozen:Maternal vitamin D deficiency is an important problem in our country. Therefore, from the first week of life, regardless of diet (formula or breast milk does not matter) to all babies at least one year, preferably 400 units / day up to 3 years Vitamin D (3 drops of vitamin D per day) should be administered. This dose of vitamin D once a day, 3 drops should be given continuously throughout the year.

Why should vitamin D be given?

Dr. Ahmet Ozen:The main nutritional source of infants during infancy breast milk.

Breastfeeding 12-60 IU per liter Vitamin D is present and does not meet the requirement of 400 IU per day for infants.

Similarly, vitamin D is insufficient in other foods taken by babies in this period.

In this case, starting from infancy, the synthesis of vitamin D via sunlight or external vitamin D supplementation is most important. Vitamin d source It is.

Causes Vitamin D Deficiency?

Dr. Ahmet Özen: Vitamin D in infants The sources are synthesis of skin through placental transition, breast milk and sunlight. In the first eight weeks of life, vitamin D levels of infants are in parallel with those of mothers, and sunlight becomes more determinant in the following months.

The most important risk factor in terms of vitamin D deficiency in early infancy is maternal vitamin D deficiency. The amount of vitamin D in breast milk, which is another source of vitamin D in infants, does not meet the daily needs of infants.

In this case, starting from infancy, it is most important to synthesize vitamin D in the body through sunlight or to provide vitamin D supplementation from outside. Vitamin d source It is.

Observations in our country, especially in the winter, especially in winter to keep their children out of the house and prevent the encounter with solar lights, such as swaddling, and prefer to wear Increases the risk of vitamin D deficiency shows.

In addition to insufficient exposure to sunlight, insufficient nutrition, prematurity (premature delivery), prolonged breastfeeding, inadequate nutritional support, low socioeconomic status and inadequate education of the mother poses a risk for vitamin D deficiency in infancy.

For babies most useful supplementary foods You can review our article.

// www. / Baby-on-the-most-useful-addition to foods /

What are the Complications Caused by Vitamin D Deficiency?

Dr. Ahmet Ozen:The main task of active vitamin D is to maintain the body's calcium / phosphorus balance by providing calcium and phosphorus absorption from the intestines.

Vitamin D deficiency, rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.

Vitamin D deficiency, which is not severe enough to cause rickets, has negative consequences even if there are no signs of active rickets. In this case, findings such as increased bone turnover rate, osteoporosis, mild osteomalacia and increased fracture probability of hip or other bones can be observed.

In addition, vitamin D deficiency in recent years diabetes, coronary heart disease and tuberculosis has been suggested to be a preparatory risk factor!

Is it possible to benefit from sunlight only without taking vitamin D from outside?

Dr. Ahmet Ozen:There is no doubt that the most physiological way to prevent vitamin D deficiency is that mothers and babies have sufficient sun exposure. However, there are some issues that need attention.

For example, vitamin D synthesis of sunscreen creams Reduced by 97% and solar rays passing through glass are not suitable for synthesis.

Lifestyles of mothers with low levels of vitamin D (such as spending more time at home, not leaving children outside for home for cultural reasons, lacking a balcony or living in dense apartment blocks that block sunlight) insufficient sun exposure cause.

These factors due to air pollution It is added that the ultraviolet rays reaching the earth are not at the wavelength that will enable the synthesis of vitamin D. Observations in our country, especially in the winter to keep their children out of the house and prevent the encounter with the sun rays prefer to wear the form of clothing rickets increases the risk.

Therefore, all babies should be given vitamin D from the first week of life. In addition, mothers who do not have sufficient sun exposure or have a risky lifestyle should be given vitamin D in the last three months of pregnancy.

What should be done to get the best benefit from the sun?

Dr. Ahmet Ozen:All pregnant women and babies should be supported in the sun for 10-15 minutes a day outside the noon hours.

Children need to come into direct sunlight when sunbathing and it is known that light passing through the glass does not help vitamin D synthesis.

insolation During the child should be wearing a hat and bare arms and legs.

We recommend that you review our article on foods that strengthen your baby's immune system. You can reach the article by clicking the link below.

5 nutrients that strengthen your baby's immune system: // www. / Infants-immune-system-strengthen-5-nutrient /

You can easily reach our articles about baby nutrition by clicking the link below aşağıdaki

Month to month baby feeding:// www. / Month-month-baby-nutrition /



Comments:

  1. Andreu

    What nice message



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