Here's why the FDA is concerned about CBD (and any other marijuana product) and wants you to avoid it during pregnancy and while breastfeeding:
- One study found that when pregnant animals were given high doses of CBD, their male babies suffered reproductive problems.
- When you use CBD while breastfeeding, some of it likely gets into your breast milk, which means your baby will consume it.
- CBD products may be contaminated with harmful substances, such as pesticides, heavy metals, bacteria, and fungus.
- Clinical studies in humans show CBD side effects can include liver damage, extreme sleepiness, and harmful interactions with other drugs, according to the FDA.
The fact that CBD doesn't make users feel "high" may lead some to assume that CBD is harmless. But even though CBD products are being widely marketed as cure-alls, they have not been tested for safety or approved by the FDA (with the exception of one prescription-only drug used to treat rare seizures in children). If you're pregnant or breastfeeding, the lack of research on how CBD might affect you or your baby is worrisome.
Meanwhile, evidence is mounting that marijuana products with THC pose a risk to pregnant and breastfeeding women. THC can cross the placenta and pass into a baby's brain, and it can also linger in breast milk for up to six days after use. Studies show that using marijuana while pregnant may increase the risk of premature birth, having a low-birth-weight baby, and possibly stillbirth. Babies exposed to marijuana in breast milk may suffer from hyperactivity, poor brain function, and other problems, according to the U.S. Surgeon General.
There is one cannabis-derived product that appears to be safe, however. Hemp seeds, used in food, contain only miniscule amounts of THC and CBD, and don't pose a threat to pregnant or breastfeeding women, the FDA said.
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